Mideast Bolt tuned tupan drum Two large natural skin heads stretched over a light-weight plywood body, gives this 8 1/4 pound tupan a deep booming voice. This version is bolt tuned with shoulder strap. Similar large double-headed frame drums have been used in ceremonies, festivals, and in wars throughout the Middle East for centuries; such tupans accompanied Alexander the Great’s armies as the marched from Macedonia east to the Indus River. Today they are common in Bulgarian folk music, where they are known as Tupan. In Turkey, they are called davul or table baladi. Moreover, This instrument is most often an accompanying instrument used to mark the rhythm, but it can be played solo as well. The two heads of the drum are played with two beaters. The dominant hand plays the accented beats with the larger thicker beater, called a tokmak. The end of the tokmak may be wrapped in cloth to create a muted sound. The other hand holds the thinner switch and plays rapid rhythms. An accomplished drummer will get various sounds from different parts of the two heads, as well as rapping the wooden body. This Tupan has a 26-inch diameter and an 18-inch deep frame body and comes with a tuning tool and beaters.